It’s being organised by the independent Bougainville Referendum Commission, led by former Irish prime minister Bertie Ahern. Late last year, the South Pacific island region of Bougainville voted overwhelmingly for independence from Papua New Guinea, in a carefully-planned and agreed-upon referendum. PORT MORESBY, Papua New Guinea (September 2, 1999 Â The Independent)---The Bougainville crisis is just over ten years old. The short answer is no - at least not yet. If Bougainville becomes independent, the mine could be reopened and provide a valuable source of export revenue and make the island a destination for resource hungry investors. Australia understands very well the depth of pro-independence feeling in Bougainville. They were part of the Australian-administered territories of Papua and New Guinea until 1975. BOUGAINVILLE INDEPENDENCE MUST BE STOPPED AT ALL COST The votes were cast, and 98% were in favor of independence. Bougainville's long war. However, if the outcome is a ‘no’ vote, or a ‘yes’ vote with a negative confirmation from the PNG parliament, then Bougainville may settle with the option of ‘greater autonomy’, which will allow Bougainville to continue its special autonomous status with greater powers as discussed earlier. Even without Bougainville, PNG would still have a population of 8 million people. Papua New Guinea Prime Minister James Marape on May 30, 2019. The people of Bougainville voted overwhelmingly vote for independence from Papua New Guinea, but the path ahead is pocked with pitfalls. Le rouge et le noir de la Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée qui flottaient sur les édifices du pouvoir local sont récemment devenus bleu métal, couleur de Bougainville. On September 1, 1975, however, just … The civil war had in part been over a dispute about the mine's management, and some predict Papua New Guinea will be reluctant to lose access to the region's valuable natural resources. Polling took place over two weeks with voters asked to choose between continued autonomy within PNG or becoming independent. Mohin said he and other activists will begin building the region's economy, educational system, and health services, in preparation for an independent future. Bougainville was to become part of an independent Papua New Guinea. "All along (the desire for independence) was in my blood," he said. Bougainville poised to become … Bougainville est une île de Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée, l'une des plus grandes des îles Salomon dans le sud-ouest de l'océan Pacifique. Cette paix, frui… Bougainville to become world’s newest nation after independence vote. Bougainville’s estimated $58 billion in remaining copper and gold reserves has caught the attention of international mining companies and world governments. Peu de doute que le choix de l'indépendance sera celui de la majorité des habitants de l'île. They were part of the Australian-administered territories of Papua and New Guinea until 1975. 18 Dec 2019 | James Batley It seems that the overwhelming outcome of the referendum on Bougainville, with over 97% of eligible voters supporting independence, surprised even seasoned observers. STOP Bougainville independent NOW. On September 1, 1975, however, just … Bougainville includes several islands … North-east of the big island of New Guinea, the independence movement on the island of Bougainville, since Papua New Guinea’s independence in 1975, is a well-worn story. Mr Toroama said he wanted to potentially see Bougainville become independent within five years. The Bougainville War, or ‘Crisis’ as the locals understate it, claimed an estimated 15,000 to 20,000 lives between 1988 and 1998. Many factors will need to be considered -- for instance, the terms of trade, travel, and residence. Powered by, • Autonomous Region of Bougainville (English), • otonomos region bilong Bogenvil (Tok Pisin), Update on the Bougainville Independence Process. The prospect of an independent Bougainville, with all the wealth from the mine kept for itself alone, was an alluring prospect. The Autonomous Region of Bougainville is comprised of Bougainville Island and several other nearby islands in the Solomon Islands archipelago. Bougainville Votes to Become Independent. … Settled around 30,000 years ago, its name today comes from its first Western visitor, the French explorer Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, who arrived in 1768 (the flowering vine Bougainvillea is also named after him). The present Bougainville Constitution provides a blueprint for an independent constitution. Following a bloody civil war that ended two decades earlier, 98% of some 250,000 Bougainvilleans voted for independence in December 2019 in a historic but non-binding referendum. The referendum to take Bougainville a step closer to full independence finally looks set to start on 23 November, after the issuing of the writs late last month. Australia understands very well the depth of pro-independence feeling in Bougainville. As Papua New Guinea became independent of Australia in 1975, Bougainvilleans began to ask whether or not Bougainville would fare better on its … Yet there’s few outward signs of PTSD. After Papua New Guinea became independent from Australia i… Voters will have a fortnight to reach the polling places, which will close on 7 December. As a PNG province, it blew apart over the big open-cut Panguna mine, producing copper, silver and gold. SYDNEY, Australia — The region of Bougainville, a collection of islands in the South Pacific, has voted overwhelmingly to become independent from Papua New Guinea, aiming to … More than 181,000 people voted in the independence referendum in Bougainville, a group of islands. Next, the Bougainville and Papua New Guinea governments will need to meet and negotiate details for a new relationship. A group of islands comprising a semi-autonomous region that is part of Papua New Guinea. But that doesn't mean Bougainville will be an independent state any time soon. So five months later, is Bougainville a country now? When will we know if Bougainville is getting independence? The vote will span from 23 November to 7 December in polling stations across the islands and abroad, both in PNG and other countries where Bougainvilleans reside. Dr Anthony Regan, a constitutional lawyer at the Australian National University and a long-time advisor to the Autonomous Bougainville Government, said there was a lack of … The latest breaking news, comment and features from The Independent. (CNN)An autonomous region of Papua New Guinea has voted overwhelmingly to leave the country and form a new independent nation, authorities announced on Wednesday. Some in the region worry that the Papua New Guinea government will push back and try to block the secession -- Mohin accused the mainland of wanting to "keep the resources on the island.". When Papua New Guinea was granted independence in 1975, Bougainville became a province, even though there was little enthusiasm for it. "This referendum has been on people's minds for 20 years," said Peake. Voting information pamphlets at a polling station in the Bougainville capital Buka on November 22, 2019. Although Bougainville has voted for independence, this outcome is not clear cut. However, on 11 September 1975, in a failed bid for self-determination, Bougainville declared itself the Republic of the North Solomons. Updated 0737 GMT (1537 HKT) December 11, 2019. Il doit être suivi d'un débat au Parlement de Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée, … It mainly covers the eastern half of The island of New Guinea and more than 600 islands in the South Pacific. What’s that? The Pacific provides a range of unconventional forms of intra-state relationships and hybrid constitutional arrangements. The Pacific provides a range of unconventional forms of intra-state relationships and hybrid constitutional arrangements. Bougainville, a special area in Papua New Guinea, has voted in favor of becoming its own country. Discussions about an independent Bougainville had been held as early as 1968. Updates on the world's countries and borders, Copyright © 2011-2020 Political Geography Now. Nations Beyond PNG Are Keeping Close Tabs Credit: Ben Bohane. It is chaired by former Irish Prime Minister Bertie Ahern. welcome-president-xi.jpg. However, the vote indicated such an overwhelming demand for independence that Papua New Guinea may have difficulty brushing it aside, Peake said. Referendum, scheduled for November 2019, has voted for independence was put to rest becoming separate. 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